Machiavelli presented the eight books of the Florentine Histories in manuscript in May ; they were printed after his death in Florence in The Histories were the second work to appear in English, being printed in a translation by Thomas Bedingfield in A further translation appeared in , and was reprinted in the eighteenth-century. In , a new anonymous translation , entitled The History of Florence and of the Affairs of Italy , appeared; it is this which, from later printings, is often posted on sites.
It has had a long publication history, in part, perhaps, because the translator also provided other texts, including The Prince , but it has been superseded by two twentieth-century translations. One, by Allan Gilbert, is not available on-line; the other, and the one more usually cited, is the Princeton translation by Laura Banfield and Harvey Mansfield once more, however, only available in limited preview from Mr Google — and this excludes all of books V to 8. Unsurprisingly, this little work with an outsize reputation has a large presence on the web — which is more a bane than a boon to the student of Machiavelli.
The democracy of the internet does not allow for a rigorous selection of candidates for public attention: poor scholarship which would be best left to die quietly is given a new lease of life, and good scholarship can be too precious as in, too expensive to venture more than momentarily into this marketplace. As with the Histories , the Italian text of The Prince is available both on Biblioteca Italiana and Wikisource , once again taken from the Martelli edition.
Several suggestions for English-Italian parallel texts
The most widely available version on-line is that of W. Marriott , which appears with minimal annotation. The version you will want to use is that in the Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought series, edited by Quentin Skinner and Russell Price, but, sadly, only a limited preview is available on Google. The letter is available on-line in Italian. One of them presents the version by J. Atkinson and D. Slices from the edition of his correspondence, Machiavellli and his Freinds ; the other provides a translation which is uncredited but is actually more fluent.
The most faithful edition is based on that first printing the editio princeps ; it was published in and its text though without notes is available on-line ; this is now preferable to the version provided by Biblioteca Italiana.
principe | definition in the Italian-English Dictionary - Cambridge Dictionary
Neither, it should be noted, reproduces the diagrams which appeared in the print version. The Art of War was also, as I have mentioned, the first of his texts translated into English, appearing in in a version by Peter Whitehorne which re-appears on-line. More frequently available, however, is the seventeenth-century translation by Henry Neville, which is in its most readable format on the University of Adelaide website.
In hard copy, the rather loose rendition by Ellis Farneworth, first printed in , is often re-printed but this does not appear on-line.
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Learn English — Parallel Texts , a complete guide with simple sentences and texts, for those who really want to give themselves a good base in English, brick by brick…when you have tired yourself out and devoured the whole book, know that there are two additions! Over parallel texts of current affairs, to view directly online.
MultiBlog by Englishgratis , with tons of texts to read and view at your pleasure. In Borgia he found an audacious and strong willed leader capable of deception and violence to achieve his ends, yet a man who appeared at all times both controlled and diplomatically prudent. Borgia provided the model for Machiavelli s ideal prince, Valentino.
Machiavelli's The Prince first edition set for Norfolk auction
His book addressed the problem of the unification of a self-reliant Italy. It was Machiavelli s intense preoccupation with this problem what a state is and how to found one in existing circumstances which caused the many riddles of his speculative writings He was by no means indifferent to private virtue but in the realm of politics he postponed morals to political expediency Britannica 11th ed.
The Prince is far more than a book of directions to any one of the many Italian princelings. Machiavelli founded the science of modern politics on the study of mankind. Politics was a science to be divorced entirely from ethics, and nothing must stand in the way of its machinery.
Many of the remedies he proposed for the rescue of Italy were eventually applied. His concept of the qualities demanded from a ruler and the absolute need of a national militia came to fruition in the monarchies of the seventeenth century and their national armies Printing and the Mind of Man Machiavelli is universally regarded as one of the great thinkers in political philosophy.
At the same time, Machiavelli s name has entered everyday usage, connoting sinister machinations and the dark side of politics and power. His name was a familiar part of the English language even in Shakespeare s time, for Hamlet says I ll put the murderous Machiavel to school.
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Macaulay wrote, Out of his [Niccolo Machiavelli s] surname they have coined an epithet for a knave, and out of his Christian name a synonym for the devil. Contemporary English gilt-ruled sheep. Some contemporary marginalia and highlighting.